It is only symbolic.
I will now to describe this symbolism,and why it is called the City of Loyalty.
Important note:I write in italic text,the source of the quote.
To understand this, I present the Raggedy Guards(In Hungarian language:Rongyos Gárda).
The Ragged Guard was formed on 18 April 1919 from patriotically-minded officers and soldiers who had experienced the First World War, poor day labourers and remnants of the Székely Division, under the leadership of Pál Prónay.
So let's have a look at some stories about what this Raggedy Guards was like(This is not yet related to understanding the title "city of loyalty",just presents only the Ragged Guard):
The aim of the self-organising (irregular) armed group was to resist the communists during the Soviet Republic in Hungary, and after its fall they actively participated in the "White Terror".(I put this "white terror" in quotation marks)
At the end of August 1919, the free group of one hundred and sixty members was allegedly called to Marcali by the local landowner Andor Pál Széchenyi to 'create order'. Ignoring the protests of the local prosecutor, Prónay arbitrarily took over from the local prosecutor the persons previously arrested on the basis of a telegram from the Minister of the Interior who had been "engaged in leading political activities", including the chaplain József Simon and the party secretary József Zsirka Kovács.
"Prónay: At the time of my arrival, there were already about thirty people in the slave judge's prison, or fifteen Jewish chief criminals, in addition to one Catholic priest designated by slave judge Tóth himself as being ripe for the gallows. "Furthermore:" There were more people than me who acted on behalf of the priest, and even the dean himself asked for a pardon for his colleague. But he did not deserve it, so I did not grant it."
- Somogyi Néplap, August 1969 (Vol. 25, No. 176-201).
István Rumi, a former local parish priest who interceded on behalf of Chaplain Simon, approached Prónay, who was staying in the Széchenyi Castle, but received only the reply that "there is no mercy for priests and teachers, they knew what they were doing." On 28 August, members of Prónay's group tortured Simon and his companions to death.
"The recollections of the torture of Simon and his death on the night of 28-29 August 1919 differ, but even if only a fraction of the conflicting accounts are true, it is still a fine thing to call what was done to the chaplain beastly. He and his companions stripped him naked, beat him with a rifle butt and beat him two hundred times with a peanut rifle ('The flesh was hanging off them in shreds, by the third beating they could not even wail'), and then Lieutenant Hermann Salm dragged him by the hair and beat his head against the ground ('His face was beaten so badly, that we could not recognize him"), his fingers broken with a hammer, his teeth knocked out, his tongue broken, his eyes gouged out, his scalp skinned, his fingers cut off and then hanged. His last words also differ: some say he begged for his life ("Gentlemen, forgive me if I have sinned, look on my dear parents, let me live!"), others say he prayed ("Dear Virgin, help me!"). A dog is said to have found the mass grave in the cornfield of the Széchenyi manor; the chaplain's cousin recalled that 'there were twelve in three coffins".
- Károly Tóth, "The betrayer of Christ Jesus" (Simon Joseph was murdered a hundred years ago)
Jenő Hamburger's poem "Latinka ballad", written in 1930 in emigration in Moscow and later widely known, contributed to the survival of Simon's memory; the poem, which also commemorates Sándor Latinka and his companions, murdered by the Prónay crew on the night of 16 September, mentions him by name ("Stand up, János Szalma, / you too, Farkas komisszáros." / - Says Baron Prónay - / "You can go to Marcali / To confess Simon the priest!").
So you can see that not only were they anti-communist, but they also took action against christianity, quite rightly.
Now, let's get to the point,why Sopron is called the city of loyalty.
The Trianon peace treaty was to keep the area around Sopron, which was taken from Hungary, but it also wanted to regain other occupied territories for Hungary(The ragged Guard wanted to regain the territories taken away from Hungary by the Treaty of Trianon). They prevented the Austrian regular army from occupying the region, and even recaptured the territory of the Őrvidék, now part of Austria's Burgenland, where they proclaimed the Lajtabánság. This led to the referendum in Sopron on 14-16 December 1921.
In the referendum, the majority wanted Sopron to be part of Hungary.That is why it is called the city of loyalty.
In Act XXIX of 1922 on the enactment of the memory of the Sopron referendum, the Parliament awarded Sopron the title of Civitas fidelissima, i.e. the Most Loyal City, where the so-called Gate of Loyalty was then built on the southern part of the 61-metre-high Fire Tower.
Source of information on the Ragged Guard.
So if it had not been for the rag-tag Guard and these brave and defiant Hungarian patriots not taking up arms and standing up for Sopron and many settlements in Western Hungary, Sopron and many settlements in Western Hungary would still belong to Austria today, not to Hungary.
By the way, László Toroczaki, who is the leader of the "Our Homeland Movement"
political party,has erected from donations a memorial in honour of the Ragged Guard in the village(town) of Ásotthalom.
The also erected a memorial because there is not much commemorating the Ragged Guard.In their memory, there is a monument in the forest in Sopron and a headstone in the garden of the Reformed church in Izsák.
László Toroczkai has already been mentioned here on the JoS forum.viewtopic.php?p=301429#p301429
Then I would also like to share a subjective opinion on loyalty.
I value nothing more in someone than persistent loyalty.Whether it's a relationship or a friendship.
That's essentially why it's been included in my location, here on my profile.