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Former Neonatal Nurse Lucy Letby Found Guilty of Murdering Seven Babies and Attempting to Murder Six More Babies


Well-known member
Sep 20, 2017

The following is from 2 live news articles; and videos from BBC News and other programmes, ITV News, Channel 4 News and Sky News; and some full or parts of podcasts. Details are repeated, i.e. in the different news programmes by the different channels/stations and in each episode by the same channel/station, but there are also different things, as well.

BREAKING Lucy Letby guilty of murdering seven babies

Nurse Lucy Letby has been found guilty of murdering seven babies, making her the UK's most prolific killer of babies in modern times. She killed the babies by injecting them with air between June 2015 and June 2016, when she was working at the Countess of Chester Hospital.

The verdicts
The jury has returned the following verdicts in the case of Lucy Letby.

Children A and B
A twin boy and girl - Child A died, while his sister survived.
Count 1: Murder of Child A

Count 2: Attempted murder of Child B

Child C
A baby boy.

Count 3: Murder of Child C

Child D
A baby girl.

Count 4: Murder of Child D

Children E and F
Twin boys - Child E died, while his brother survived.

Count 5: Murder of Child E

Count 6: Attempted murder of Child F

Child G
A baby girl, who survived. Letby faces three charges for allegedly attacking her.

Count 7: Attempted murder of Child G

Count 8: Attempted murder of Child G

Count 9: Attempted murder of Child G
Not guilty

Child H
A baby girl who survived.

Count 10: Attempted murder of Child H
Not guilty

Count 11: Attempted murder of Child H
No verdict

Child I
A baby girl who died.

Count 12: Murder of Child I

Child J
A baby girl who survived.

Count 13: Attempted murder of Child J
No verdict

Child K
A baby girl - she survived, but later died.

Count 14: Attempted murder of Child K
No verdict

Child L and M
Twin boys, both survived, but Child M was left brain-damaged.

Count 15: Attempted murder of Child L

Count 16: Attempted murder of Child M

Child N
A baby boy, who survived.

Count 17: Attempted murder of Child N

Count 18: Attempted murder of Child N
No verdict

Count 19: Attempted murder of Child N
No verdict

Children O and P
Two of three triplet boys, both died.

Count 20: Murder of Child O

Count 21: Murder of Child P

Child Q
A baby boy who survived.

Count 22: Attempted murder of Child Q
No verdict

Judith Moritz is reporting from Manchester Crown Court.

Letby also guilty of attempting to murder another six babies
Letby has also been found guilty of attempting to murder six babies in the hospital’s neonatal unit, with methods including deliberately injecting them with air, overfeeding them and poisoning them with insulin. Letby, aged 33, faced 22 charges in total. Letby was found not guilty of two counts of attempted murder and the jury could not reach verdicts on six charges of attempted murder. The jurors deliberated for 110 hours, 26 minutes.

Gasps from families in court as trial ends
Judith Moritz
Inside the courtroom

There were gasps in court from the babies' families. Some jurors also appeared upset as they were discharged from service. The prosecution have indicated that they want 28 days to consider whether to seek a retrial on the six undecided counts (which relate to four babies). They have until 15 September to make this decision.

Who were the babies Letby killed?
Court restrictions prevent us from naming the babies or giving any details that would identify them; however, we can report that of the seven killed, five were boys and two were girls. Two of the boys were brothers from a set of triplets.

Letby not in court
Lucy Letby was not in court today - there were two dock officers in the dock without her. Her parents were not there either. The babies’ parents were in the public gallery and all legal teams were assembled.

Who is Lucy Letby? - Letby's mugshot released
Following her conviction, Cheshire Constabulary has now released the most recent custody photo of Lucy Letby. This was taken in November 2020 as she awaited trial for the murder of seven babies and the attempted murder of ten more.

Police handout

Lucy Letby was born on 4 January 1990 and grew up in Hereford with her mother and father, John and Susan, who have watched much of their daughter's trial unfold from the public gallery. She attended a local school and sixth-form college. Letby told the jurors she had always wanted to work with children and chose A-levels "which would best support that career".

Letby, who was the first person in her family to go to university, studied nursing for three years at the University of Chester. During her studies, she completed numerous work placements - the majority were based at the Countess of Chester Hospital. She qualified as a band five nurse in September 2011 and went on to start working full-time at the hospital from January 2012 before qualifying to work with intensive care babies in the spring of 2015.

Letby's mother sobbed 'this can't be right' as verdicts delivered
Judith Moritz
Inside the courtroom

The verdicts have been delivered over several hearings, as the jury deliberated for more than 110 hours. Reporting restrictions have now been lifted, allowing us to report all verdicts. When the first verdicts came in last week, Letby sobbed in the dock. At the more recent verdict hearings this week, she has refused to appear in court.

Letby’s own parents were in court for the previous verdict hearings - her father sat with his head bowed. Her mother sobbed loudly “this can’t be right - you can’t be serious”. They were supported by one of Letby’s friends. The trial lasted for more than 10 months, and it’s believed to be the longest murder trial in the UK. Letby becomes the most prolific baby killer in modern times.

A most distressing case, says judge
Judith Moritz
Inside the courtroom

As the judge discharged the jury, he told them "this has been a most distressing and upsetting case". One of the babies' family members left the courtroom when the jury foreman said it was not possible to return verdicts on six remaining counts.

A couple of jurors appeared upset. The judge told them they are excused from serving on juries in future. He thanked them for their service and said they were welcome to return to court (but are not obliged to) when he passes sentence on Monday.

What this case is about

PA Media

To recap, Letby was accused of murdering seven babies and attempting to kill 10 others at the Countess of Chester Hospital between June 2015 and June 2016. The jury heard nine months of evidence, including claims Letby deliberately injected babies with air, force fed others milk and poisoned some with insulin. Letby insisted she did not harm any of the babies and pointed to issues of poor hygiene and staffing levels in the hospital.

The prosecuting barrister said Letby had been on shift at the time when each baby collapsed. He also included 11 other common themes, from unusual skin discolouration to the babies collapsing just after having been visited by parents.

'Utter torture' for families as Letby refuses to return to dock
Lucy Letby has refused to enter court to hear some verdicts and will not appear for her sentencing on Monday.

It'll be "utter torture" for the victims' families that she will not be in the dock to hear her fate, says our correspondent Katerina Vittozzi, who is at Manchester Crown Court.

Katerina Vittozzi says it will be a "bitter pill for them to swallow" after a 10-month trial that has "pushed them to the physical and mental limit". It has been "utterly sickening" for the families to hear Letby consistently deny hurting their children for the best part of a year, Vittozzi says.

Letby did utmost to conceal crimes and varied how she hurt babies - prosecutor
We've just received some reaction from the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to today's verdicts against Lucy Letby.

The nurse "was entrusted to protect some of the most vulnerable babies... little did those working alongside her know that there was a murderer in their midst," says Pascale Jones, senior Crown Prosecutor with the complex casework unit of CPS Mersey-Cheshire. Letby "did her utmost to conceal her crimes, by varying the ways in which she repeatedly harmed babies in her care", Jones said. "She sought to deceive her colleagues and pass off the harm she caused as nothing more than a worsening of each baby’s existing vulnerability."

Letby to be sentenced on Monday
The sentencing of Lucy Letby will be at 10am on Monday 21 August.

Letby used air, milk and fluids to kill... she weaponised her craft - prosecutor


More now from Pascale Jones, prosecutor with the Crown Prosecution Service, who has released a statement. "In her hands, innocuous substances like air, milk, fluids - or medication like insulin - would become lethal. She perverted her learning and weaponised her craft to inflict harm, grief and death," Jones says. "Time and again, she harmed babies, in an environment which should have been safe for them and their families."

Jones goes on to say that "parents were exposed to her morbid curiosity and her fake compassion". She says thoughts are with the babies' families.

Too many of them returned home to empty baby rooms. Many surviving children live with permanent consequences of her assaults upon their lives. Her attacks were a complete betrayal of the trust placed in her."
Pascale Jones Senior Crown prosecutor, CPS Mersey-Cheshire

Ongoing investigation into Letby's time at another hospital
Liverpool Women's Hospital has released a statement following the verdicts. Letby worked at the hospital for several months on a placement. It said in a statement:

"Following the recent trial verdicts, our thoughts are with the parents and families of the victims and everyone who has been affected. As detailed in news reports and information provided by Cheshire Police, there is an ongoing investigation relating to the full period of Lucy Letby’s career, including training placements at Liverpool Women’s Hospital, which took place between October – December 2012 and January – February 2015.

Liverpool Women’s NHS Foundation Trust has been liaising with Cheshire Police throughout this investigation and we will continue to do so going forward. As this is an ongoing investigation, we are unable to provide any more information at this time. Any further details will be shared by Cheshire Police in due course. Anyone relevant to this ongoing investigation is aware and they have been supported throughout."

BREAKING Hospital bosses ignored months of doctors' warnings about Letby
Judith Moritz, Jonathan Coffey & Michael Buchanan


Dr Stephen Brearey, lead consultant on the neonatal unit, raised concerns about her in October 2015

The lead consultant at the neonatal unit where Lucy Letby worked has told the BBC that hospital bosses failed to investigate allegations against the nurse and tried to silence doctors. The hospital also delayed calling the police despite months of warnings that the nurse may have been killing babies. The unit's lead consultant Dr Stephen Brearey first raised concerns about Letby in October 2015.

No action was taken and she went on to attack five more babies, killing two. BBC Panorama and BBC News have been investigating how Letby was able to murder and harm so many babies for so long.

We spoke to the lead consultant in the unit - who first raised concerns about Letby - and examined hospital documents. The investigation reveals a catalogue of failures and raises serious questions about how the hospital responded to the deaths. You can read it in full here.

An 'utterly horrifying case'
Jonathan Storer, Chief Crown Prosecutor for CPS Mersey-Cheshire, said:

"This is an utterly horrifying case. Like everyone who followed the trial, I have been appalled by Letby's callous crimes. To the families of the victims - I hope your unimaginable suffering is eased in some way by the verdicts. Our thoughts remain with you. Our prosecution team and police investigators have my respect and gratitude. These convictions could not have happened without their dedication to securing justice."

How Letby was on shift when the babies died
Letby was charged with murder and attempted murder against a total of 17 different babies. She was found guilty of murdering seven babies (babies A, C, D, E, I, O and P) and attempting to murder another six babies.

The jury were undecided in relation to the attempted murder charges against babies J, K and Q. Letby was found not guilty of attempting to murder baby H, and the jury were also undecided on one count of attempting to murder baby H.



'Today is not a time for celebration. There are no winners in this case'
Following the verdict, Deputy Senior Investigating Officer, Detective Chief Inspector Nicola Evans, said:

"Today is not a time for celebration. There are no winners in this case. Our focus right now is very much on the families of the babies. The compassion and strength shown by the parents – and wider family members – has been overwhelming. Today is all about them – and we must not lose sight of that. I cannot begin to imagine how the families in this case feel today. We will all take some time to reflect on today's verdict both the guilty and the not guilty verdicts.

I would like to say thank you to the families for putting their trust in us and I hope that this process has provided them with some of the answers they have been waiting for. We will continue to work closely with each of the families in the days and weeks ahead in order to ensure they have the support they all require in light of everything they have experienced. My thoughts – and those of the whole prosecution team – remain with them at this incredibly difficult time."

DCI Evans added:

"The details of this case are truly crushing. A trained nurse responsible for caring and protecting tiny, premature babies; a person who was in a position of trust, she abused that trust in the most unthinkable way. I cannot begin to understand what the families have had to endure over the past seven or eight years but we have been humbled by their composure and resilience throughout this whole process."

BREAKING 'I am truly sorry' - former hospital CEO
The former boss of the Countess of Chester Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, who was in charge at the time of the babies' murders, has released a statement.

"All my thoughts are with the children at the heart of this case and their families and loved ones at this incredibly difficult time," says Tony Chambers, the ex-chief executive. I am truly sorry for what all the families have gone through.

The crimes that have been committed are appalling and I am deeply saddened by what has come to light. The trial, and the lengthy police investigation, have shown the complex nature of the issues raised. I will co-operate fully and openly with any post-trial inquiry."


Countess of Chester Hospital

Find support on BBC Action Line website
This is an extremely distressing case so if you, or someone you know, need help after reading about it, the details of organisations offering assistance can be found on the BBC Action Line website.

We need an inquiry, says ex-medical director of Chester hospital
Ian Harvey, former medical director at the Countess of Chester Hospital, where the babies were targed, has put out a statement saying: "My thoughts are with the babies whose treatment has been the focus of the trial and with their parents and relatives who have been through something unimaginable and I am sorry for all their suffering. As medical director, I was determined to keep the baby unit safe and support our staff. I wanted the reviews and investigations carried out, so that we could tell the parents what had happened to their children. I believe there should be an inquiry that looks at all events leading up to this trial and I will help it in whatever way I can.”

Watch the moment Letby was arrested for the first time
Early in the morning on 3 July 2018, Lucy Letby was led away from her Chester home in handcuffs after being arrested for the first time. She was initially released on police bail, but was subsequently arrested twice more. The 33-year-old was re-arrested on 10 June 2019 and then for a third time on 10 November 2020 where she was then ultimately charged in November 2020 as the police investigation developed.

The attacks happened in 2015 and 2016. Letby has been remanded in custody since November 2020 and has spent time in four different prisons. Cheshire Police has released video of the moment Lucy Letby was arrested at her home and taken away in a police car.



Liverpool hospital investigating Letby's time there
Lucy Letby has been found guilty of murdering seven babies who were being looked after on a neonatal ward at the Countess of Chester Hospital. A BBC Panorama has been investigating how Letby was able to murder and harm so many babies for so long - more here. It found two other babies died while Letby was working at Liverpool Women's Hospital.

Liverpool Women’s NHS Foundation Trust has confirmed that there is an ongoing investigation "relating to the full period of Lucy Letby’s career", including training placements at Liverpool Women’s Hospital. These took place between October and December 2012, and January and February 2015, the statement says.The trust will continue to liaise with police, and due to the ongoing investigation, it says it cannot provide any further details at this time.

We've just heard from Cheshire Constabulary who investigated the case. Det Ch Insp Nicola Evans was speaking on the steps of Manchester Crown Court.

Families' dignity has been truly overwhelming, says police


DCI Evans says it's been a long and emotional journey for all of the families in this case. She says all of their babies "will forever be in our hearts", and thanks the families "for their exceptional resilience and strength throughout this entire investigation". "Their composure and dignity in this trial has been truly overwhelming," she says.

We've also just heard from Crown Prosecution Service's Pascale Jones, who says Letby did her utmost to conceal crimes by varying the ways she harmed babies.

'Innocuous substances became lethal' - prosecutor


Pascale Jones from the CPS says: "Lucy Letby was entrusted to protect some of the most vulnerable babies. Little did those working alongside her know that there was a murderer in their midst." She says "innocuous substances like air, milk, fluids - or medication like insulin - would become lethal" in the hands of Letby. "She perverted her learning and weaponised her craft to inflict harm, grief and death," Jones says.

"Time and again, she harmed babies, in an environment which should have been safe for them and their families. "Parents were exposed to her morbid curiosity and her fake compassion. Too many of them returned home to empty baby rooms. Many surviving children live with permanent consequences of her assaults upon their lives."

A very dark episode within the history of the NHS
Our national correspondent Tom Parmenter gave this update on-air from outside the Countess of Chester Hospital, where Lucy Letby worked.

It is one of the most upsetting and distressing cases ever heard in British courts, and a very dark episode within the history of the NHS.

To hear that one of the nurses who was working here could be guilty of such unimaginable crimes is something that will send shockwaves through the NHS, and through this city.

This police investigation and subsequent trial have taken many years. Question marks and allegations have hung over this working hospital - a fairly standard general hospital, known locally as the Countess in this part of the northwest of England.



There are major questions as to why colleagues who were trying to blow the whistle, who were trying to tell their management that something was wrong, that they were suspicious of what Lucy Letby was doing. Major questions about why those whistleblowing procedures did not work as they should have done, and why Lucy Letby was allowed to continue working.

And as we know through the shocking detail that was heard over the course of the last ten months, babies died after those whistleblowing concerns had been raised with management.

Throughout all this period, this hospital has continued to serve the people of Cheshire, of North Wales and Merseyside, as it does every single day.

But there will be major questions for the hospital management about what happened and how Lucy Letby was permitted to continue nursing after those allegations had been raised.

Many of the details over the course of the afternoon you may find distressing and upsetting.

But that has been the nature of the court case that has played out. They have gone through the individual care of all of those babies, some 17 babies at the heart of this trial.

All of the babies involved in this case should now be seven years old or so, and thriving in life in primary school. But that chance, that opportunity was denied them by the actions of Lucy Letby.

We are stunned, says spokesperson for families
Janet Moore, family liaison officer, has been speaking on behalf of the babies' families. “We are quite simply stunned”, she says. “To lose a baby, or have a baby harmed in these circumstances, is unimaginable.

Over the last seven to eight years, we’ve had to go through a long, torturous and emotional journey.”

'We may never know why this has happened'

Moore, the police family liaison officer, tells reporters that some families did not receive the verdict they were expecting - possibly referring to the six charges that the jury were undecided on. She calls this a "bittersweet result".

We are heartbroken, devastated, angry and feel numb. We may never truly know why this has happened."

Familes need time to come to terms with verdicts
Janet Moore, the family liaison officer, ends by thanking the investigation and prosecution teams. The search for the truth remains "at the forefront of everyone's mind", she says, adding that the families "will forever be grateful". She says they ask for time in peace to process what has happened, "and to come to terms with today's verdict".

Jury seen leaving in tears: Outside Manchester Crown Court
By Megan Harwood-Baynes, news reporter in Manchester
There is a huge media presence outside Manchester Crown Court this afternoon, as reporters wait for statements from the police and Crown Prosecution Service.

It has been a lengthy trial that has been closely followed by the press - but strict reporting restrictions over the last week mean no one has been able to report any of the partial verdicts that have been delivered.


Several members of the jury were seen leaving the court in tears - it has been a huge emotional burden for them to sift through thousands of pages of evidence and return the verdicts they have.

Nicholas Johnson KC, prosecuting, has asked the court for 28 days to consider whether a retrial would be sought for the remaining six counts of attempted murder.

While Letby will now likely spend the rest of her life behind bars, for the families of those four babies who did not get a verdict, it will be difficult news for them to take.


The timeline of Letby's crimes


Will Letby spend the rest of her life in prison?
By Megan Harwood-Baynes, outside Manchester Crown Court

Lucy Letby has been convicted of the murder of seven babies and attempting to murder six more, making her the UK's most prolific killer of children in modern British history.

She will be sentenced on Monday at 10am - with Letby already saying, via her defence barrister, that she will not attend the courtroom.

Because she has been convicted of murder, the judge must impose a life sentence, but there is the question of what would be Letby's minimum tariff (the minimum amount of time she must spend in prison before she is eligible for release).

Depending on the facts of the offence, the starting point for the minimum time served in prison ranges from 15 to 30 years.

But, Letby may be sentenced to a whole life tariff - meaning she would spend the rest of her life behind bars, which can be applied in cases such as a planned murder of two or more people.

The judge will also take into account the aggravating factors that make the sentence even more serious. In this case, he will consider Letby's level of premeditation, and the fact the victims were particularly vulnerable because they were newborn babies.

He will also take into account the fact that Letby was working as a nurse - and therefore providing a public service - when she murdered the infants, abusing her role and the trust the public placed in her.

Letby could become only the third woman alive to be handed a whole life order during sentencing on Monday.

She would join the ranks of Rosemary West, Joanna Christine Dennehy and deceased moors murderer Myra Hindley.

Chester MP calls for public inquiry
The Labour MP for the city of Chester says she has written to the health secretary to call for an independent public inquiry into the Lucy Letby case.

In a statement published on X, formally known as Twitter, Samantha Dixon MP says "the time is right to seek the reassurance that no one could ever again perpetrate crimes as hideous as these."

Paying tribute to Cheshire Police, Ms Dixon adds that "for the families at the heart of this, I feel intense sadness and stand beside them in their grief and sorrow.

"Too many people now live with the consequences of the catastrophic harm caused by Letby.

"An attempt on a child's life is one of the most depraved acts a person can commit. And the death of a child is the hardest burden to bear."

Ms Dixon continues: "The families whose children were killed and harmed, the community I represent and families across the country need to know their children are protected and safe.

"The Government should now institute a full, independent and public inquiry into the circumstances in which these crimes were perpetrated."


The longest murder trial in British legal history explained


BREAKING Government orders independent inquiry
The government has ordered in independent inquiry following today's verdicts against Lucy Letby. It will look into the "circumstances behind the murders and attempted murders of babies at Countess of Chester Hospital to help ensure families get the answers they need".

No officers will come out investigation 'the same people' after case of this scale
The investigation has been a "long and very difficult process" for the officers involved, said news correspondent Katerina Vittozzi.

The team have been working on "a case the scale of which none of these officers have ever worked on before".

She said you could "see the emotion of the face" of deputy senior investigation officer Nicola Evans when she spoke today.

"Nicola Evans... telling us that she didn't think any officer involved in this case would come out of this the same person they were before - and it's not often you hear that sort of emotion coming from an investigation team."

Their work began with a "simple letter" written to police from the Countess of Chester Hospital administration team, reporting a spike in deaths in the neonatal ward.

"They said it was a very difficult moment when they had to knock on the doors of the families involved in this case and tell them that they believed that their baby had died or been attacked, and that was inflicted harm, and that the person that they suspected of it was a nurse who was on that ward."

But DCI Evan's focus has always been on those families, Vittozzi said.

"This is there loss, these were their children, this is their tragedy that they will have to bear," she said.

"It has been very distressing to see families in court, having to listen to the final moments of their children's lives or moments when their children collapsed and needed urgent resuscitation."

She continued: "But then also to have to find out that it was a women that they trusted who was behind these acts of harm. And today to be denied that opportunity to see Lucy Letby in the dock - it is absolutely horrendous for them"

Police to review 4,000 neonatal admissions at Chester and Liverpool hospitals
Detectives at Cheshire Constabulary believe Lucy Letby may be responsible for other attacks on babies. Det Supt Paul Hughes says police are reviewing all 4,000 admissions of babies into neonatal units at the two hospitals where Letby worked between 2012 and 2016 - the Countess of Chester and Liverpool Women’s Hospital.

"This does not mean we are investigating all 4,000," he says. "It just means that we are committed to a thorough review of every admission from a medical perspective, to ensure that nothing is missed throughout the entirety of her employment as a nurse. We would be foolish if we were to think we have gathered all cases that Lucy Letby could have touched in one go."

Lucy Letby: UK's most prolific baby killer in modern times


As we've been reporting, Lucy Letby has been convicted of the murder of seven babies - more than any other serial killer in modern times. This is how her crimes compare to that of other murderers of children:

  • Fred and Rosemary West were jointly charged with murdering 10 people, including five children, between the late 1960s and the mid-1980s
  • Ian Brady and Myra Hindley were responsible for the deaths of five children between the ages of 10 and 17 in the 1960s
  • Scottish murderer Robert Black killed four girls aged between five and 11 in the 1980s
  • Russell Bishop killed two nine-year-old girls in 1986
  • Nurse Beverley Allitt was given 13 life sentences in 1993 for murdering four children and attacking nine others while working at Grantham Hospital

Lucy Letby's first police interview

Cheshire Constabulary has released a clip from Letby's first police interview which took place on 3 July 2018.

The nurse has been found guilty of murdering seven babies and the attempted murder of another six babies at the Countess of Chester Hospital. The jury was undecided on six other counts of attempted murder.

NHS chief nursing officer: Colleagues are shocked and sickened
Dame Ruth May, NHS England's chief nursing officer, has just given her reaction to the Letby verdict.

She's described Letby's crimes as "appalling", she echoes words we've heard a few times this afternoon, calling it a "terrible betrayal of trust".

"Colleagues within the nursing profession and across the health service have been shocked and sickened to learn what she did, actions beyond belief to the nurses and staff working so hard to save lives and care for patients," she added.

"On behalf of all of us I would like to express our profound apologies to the families for all they have been through."

She also welcomed the government's decision to launch an independent inquiry, as we reported a few moments ago.

Dame Ruth has been England's chief nursing officer since 2019 - a few years after Letby's crimes.

Whistleblowing doctor accuses hospital management of 'potentially facilitating a mass murderer'
One of the doctors involved in the trial has hit out at the managers of the Countess of Chester Hospital for "taking months" to take action against killer nurse Lucy Letby.

Writing on Facebook, Dr Ravi Jayram - who gave evidence in Letby's trial - said: "My colleagues and I have lived this for the last 8 years and the period of the trial has been the most difficult part of this. I am proud of all the frontline colleagues with whom I work, for managing to carry on providing excellent care to babies and children under such pressure.

"My heart goes out to the families of the babies affected by this although nothing can ever undo the evil that was inflicted on their children."

He added: "There are things that need to come out about why it took several months from concerns being raised to the top brass before any action was taken to protect babies, and why from that time it then took almost a year for those highly paid senior managers to allow the police to be involved.

"The truth of what happened during that time will shock you to the core as it comes out. The safety of patients should come above any risk of reputational damage and sometimes the right decisions might be difficult and unpopular, but executive-level managers are paid to do just that.

"There are people out there now, still earning six figure sums of tax-payers money or retired with their gold-plated pensions, who need to stand up in public to explain why they did not want to listen and do the right thing, to acknowledge that their actions potentially facilitated a mass-murderer and to apologise to the families involved in all of this.

"However, I suspect the response will be fudge and misinformation and it is now my mission moving forwards to make sure that they are held to account."

Many of you are aware that due to the Lucy Letby trial, I have mostly been absent from social media over the last few...
Posted by Dr Ravi Jayaram on Friday, August 18, 2023

Inquiry will look at how staff's concerns were handled, says Barclay


Health Secretary Steve Barclay says the independent inquiry, just announced by the government, "will seek to ensure the parents and families impacted get the answers they need". I am determined their voices are heard, and they are involved in shaping the scope of the inquiry should they wish to do so," he says. The inquiry will look at the circumstances surrounding the babies' deaths at Countess of Chester Hospital, including "how concerns raised by clinicians were dealt with", the government says.

'There was a murderer in the hospital's midst' - CPS
At a press conference earlier after the verdict, Pascale Jones from the Crown Prosecution Service said Lucy Letby "did her utmost to conceal her crimes" and used her knowledge as a nurse to "inflict harm, grief and death".

Some readers may find the details in this clip upsetting.


How police caught her, from the man who led six-year probe

PA Media

The senior investigating officer in the six-year probe that led to Lucy Letby today being found guilty of murder has released a statement about how the investigation unfolded. "We had to go right back to the start, keeping an open mind and being careful not to draw any conclusions," said Det Supt Paul Hughes. "The last thing we expected to find was a suspect responsible for these deaths and non-fatal collapses. It was a long, drawn-out process but no stone was left unturned. We had to do it right - not rush it. We had to deal with this as 17 separate investigations - we are normally used to dealing with one murder or attempted murder investigation at a time let alone something on this scale.

What started out as a team of eight quickly increased and, at the height of the investigation, featured almost 70 officers and civilian staff working together. Turning up at the home of a family who have lost a baby, grieved for their loss and are trying to move on from that is difficult enough, but having to tell them that someone who was meant to be caring for their little one could ultimately be responsible for their death - is not an easy task."

New legislation could force convicts to attend their sentencing - but not in time for Letby
The justice ministry has released a statement in the last hour that, on the face of it, doesn't appear to be related to the Letby verdict.

The short statement reads that the Lord Chancellor - Justice Secretary Alex Chalk - "has been clear he wants victims to see justice delivered and for all those found guilty to hear society's condemnation at their sentencing hearing.

“Defendants can already be ordered by a judge to attend court with those who fail facing up to two years in prison.”

While there was no mention of Letby, our political correspondent Liz Bates says it appears to be about the fact she didn't turn up to court for every verdict that was delivered in recent days.

"The expectation is that she won't turn up either in court for the sentencing," Liz says.

"The rule as it stands means a person can be ordered by a judge to attend court. If they don't, they can be found in contempt of court and their sentence can be extended.

"The government plans to toughen those rules up even further. New legislation on non-attendance at sentencing hearing will also be introduced.

"But of course, that won't be in time for the Letby sentencing next week.

"That could be another difficult moment, of course, for families who have already experienced so much horrific, unimaginable trauma."

Could Letby be forced to attend her sentencing?

PA Media

Lucy Letby appeared in the dock several times since the start of the trial. She was not present today as the verdicts were delivered. On two occasions earlier this month, she was in the courtroom and sobbed loudly or cried with her head bowed, but she was last present in court on the morning of 16 August. It is believed she has at times been in the building during proceedings, but refused to come into the courtroom and instead stayed in the cells.

It is unclear whether Letby will be present on Monday morning for her sentencing. The Ministry of Justice has said that the Lord Chancellor has been clear that he wants "victims to see justice delivered and for all those found guilty to hear society’s condemnation at their sentencing hearing. Defendants can already be ordered by a judge to attend court, with those who fail facing up to two years in prison for contempt of court."

Who are John and Susan Letby?
By Megan Harwood-Baynes, news reporter at Manchester Crown Court

For 145 days of evidence and 21 days of deliberation, Lucy Letby's parents John and Susan have stood by their daughter in court.

Letby is the only child of the retired couple, who are originally from Hereford.

They have sat through hours of hearing the reality of their daughter's crimes, even relocating to Manchester to support her.

Susan grew increasingly emotional as her daughter was found guilty of murdering multiple babies.

During one set of verdicts, she broke down - whispering "You can't be serious, this can't be right" into her husband's arms - before howling as her only child was led out of court. Her anguished cries could be heard from outside the room.

But like their daughter, they were not present in court today as the final findings from the jury were reached and the judge lifted the reporting restrictions.


Podcast - Britain's most prolific child killer; nurse Lucy Letby found guilty
Lucy Letby is now the UK's most prolific child killer of modern times after being convicted of seven murders, as well as six attempted murders.

Families of her victims sobbed and comforted each other in court as the jury delivered their verdicts over several days.

On the Sky News Daily, we hear from some of the relatives as host Niall Paterson is joined by our correspondent Katerina Vittozzi, who has been following the trial at Manchester Crown Court.



The NHS must learn lessons, says health minister


Talking about the government inquiry, the UK's care minister Helen Whately said: "The important thing here is something like this must never happen again and of course the NHS must learn lessons.

"One of the things here is to make this can be done at pace, with action to be taken quickly", she continued, when asked why the government opted for a non-statutory inquiry which has fewer legal powers. "A non-statutory inquiry can happen more quickly and be more flexible to answer the questions that need to be answered." Whately says one thing she thinks should be looked into is why doctors weren't listened to when they raised concerns.

'I am evil I did this' note, card to parents: Evidence seen during Letby's trial
Jurors were presented with a mountain of evidence during Letby's nine-month trial, including witness statements, medical notes, photographs, texts, and evidence from the killer herself.

A notable moment was when the prosecution pulled up this image of a post-it note recovered from Letby's home, on which she had written: "I don't deserve to live. I killed them on purpose because I'm not good enough to care for them."

She also wrote: "I am a horrible evil person" and: "I AM EVIL I DID THIS".

Letby's defence argued the note was written by an "anguished woman in despair" at being wrongly accused - but the jury rejected this.


Letby also sent a sympathy card to the parents of one of her victims. She photographed it on her mobile phone hours before the victim's funeral. The card read: "Thinking of you today and always - sorry I cannot be there to say goodbye."


And the staff rota was an important piece of evidence. The column highlighted in purple shows that the only nurse on shift for every single incident was Lucy Letby:


One of darkest crimes ever committed in NHS - health watchdog
The UK's health watchdog has issued a statement, saying the Lucy Letby case is "almost without parallel". “It is one of the darkest crimes ever committed in our health service," says the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman, Rob Behrens

He says evidence in the trial shows staff "repeatedly raised concerns and called for action" but "it seems that nobody listened and nothing happened", and "more babies were harmed and more babies were killed. Those who lost their children deserve to know whether Letby could have been stopped and how it was that doctors were not listened to and their concerns not addressed for so long." He calls for "significant improvements to culture and leadership across the NHS so that the voices of staff and patients can be heard, both with regard to everyday pressures and mistakes and, very exceptionally, when there are warnings of real evil".

What is a non-statutory public inquiry?
Laura Foster
Health reporter

A non-statutory public inquiry is going to be held following this case. It’s going to examine what happened and what lessons can be learned, to stop such awful crimes from happening again. A non-statutory public inquiry is set up by the government (in this case the UK one which is responsible for healthcare in England) but it doesn’t have the power to summon evidence or witnesses as can be done in a statutory one – such as the UK Covid-19 public inquiry; however, information is still usually shared when it’s needed to keep people safe from serious harm or death. That could certainly be a factor in this inquiry. Other examples of this type of inquiry include the one set up following the sentencing of Sarah Everard’s killer and the Chilcot Inquiry into the UK’s involvement in the Iraq War.

'I remember saying, oh no, it can't be nice Lucy'


Before June 2015, there were about two or three baby deaths a year on the neonatal unit at the Countess of Chester Hospital, but in the summer of 2015, something unusual was happening. In June alone, three babies died within the space of two weeks. The deaths were unexpected, so Dr Stephen Brearey, the lead consultant at the neonatal unit, called a meeting with the unit manager, Eirian Powell, and the hospital's director of nursing Alison Kelly.

"We tried to be as thorough as possible," Dr Brearey says. A staffing analysis revealed Lucy Letby had been on duty for all three deaths. "I think I can remember saying, 'Oh no, it can't be Lucy. Not nice Lucy,'" he says.

BBC Panorama and BBC News have been investigating how nurse Lucy Letby was able to murder and harm so many babies for so long.

Why it's taken so long to bring Letby to justice
Lucy Letby's trial and jury deliberations have taken a very long time, and come seven years after the crimes for which she's now been convicted.

But could investigators have wrapped this up much earlier?

During his time as chief constable of Greater Manchester Police, Sir Peter Fahy dealt with a similar case, but involving elderly patients.

He told Sky News the Letby investigation has taken time because there's little precedent to base it on.

"It is such an unusual form of criminal behaviour, so the investigators do not really have a great deal of experience to build upon." Sir Peter said.

"The public may look at it and say, well, you know, the police were provided with the name by the hospital, but then you've got a massive job to prove every single case beyond a reasonable doubt.

"She was using air, insulin, milk - obviously all substances readily available in a hospital. You've got a huge number of staff, a hospital coming in and out, and you've got to eliminate everybody else.

"You're really operating on the edges of medical science because these are very unusual medical interventions. There's been very little research."

Sir Peter says all of that means you have to rely on a range of different experts to even start to draw any conclusions - and your experts might have very different interpretations.

"You have to do a huge amount of work to actually tie anything down," he adds.

"That's undoubtedly one of the key reasons why this investigation has taken so long, and why it took so long to come to trial."

Disappointment over the type of inquiry chosen
Former chief crown prosecutor for the North West of England, Nazir Afzal, says it's “hugely disappointing" the inquiry is non-statutory - which means it has fewer legal powers and cannot force people to testify. Speaking to Radio 4's PM programme, Afzal said “you have to compel people... I really don’t think a non-judicial inquiry has the powers to hold people to account, which is important here.

"People need to be held to account for their failures,” he continued. Meanwhile Lord Bichard, who chaired the inquiry into the murders of Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman, also says he's surprised it's non-statutory. Earlier the government defended this, saying a non-statutory inquiry will be quicker “and more flexible to answer the questions that need to be answered”. Lord Bichard says the bereaved families should "have a chance to meet and question the proposed chair".

The investigation - a forensic look at how Lucy Letby was caught
Sky's national correspondent Tom Parmenter has been working with our Data and Forensics team, to take a deep dive into the investigation.


Emotional moments and dense medical detail
Dan O'Donoghue
At Manchester Crown Court

During the trial, we heard, often in harrowing detail, how previously stable babies collapsed and died despite the desperate efforts of doctors and nurses to save them. Much of the case centred on at times hard to follow dense medical detail, with thousands of documents shown to the jury detailing the blood gas levels, heart rate and respiratory rates of these infants, with X-rays, feeding charts, nursing and doctors’ notes also produced in evidence, but what really cut through was the humanity in this case. Clinicians fought back tears in the dock describing how they battled to save children, and parents of the 17 alleged victims spoke about the truly unimaginable pain they suffered as they saw their children deteriorate.

There was also emotion from Letby, who the defence repeatedly said was completely innocent of the crimes alleged. In the witness box, the former nurse told how her life had been destroyed, pushing her to consider suicide after these allegations were levelled at her and she was removed from front-line nursing duties in 2016.

'We are quite simply stunned' - what the victims' families have said

PA Media
The statement was read out by family liaison officer, Janet Moore

Once all the verdicts were in and could be reported, the families of Letby's victims released a joint statement, which was read outside court earlier.

  • "Words cannot effectively explain how we are feeling at this moment in time," it began. "We are quite simply stunned"
  • They said losing a baby or having a baby harmed "in the particular circumstances is unimaginable" before calling the last seven or eight years a "long, torturous and emotional journey"
  • Family liaison officer Janet Moore went on to say, on the families' behalf, that justice had been served, but "this justice will not take away the extreme hurt, anger and distress that we have all had to experience"
  • The statement then acknowledges that not every family got the verdict they expected, calling that as a "bittersweet result"
  • The families thanked the jury and say they "recognise the determination and commitment each witness has shown in ensuring the truth was told"

Mum tells Sky News she suspects Letby harmed her baby
There have been warnings already today that Lucy Letby may have harmed far more babies than the seven she murdered, and six she attempted to murder.

Police are now reviewing the care of more than 4,000 babies.

Sky News presenter Jonathan Samuels has spoken to Lynsey Artell, who explained why she thinks Letby may have harmed her newborn in 2016.



Countess of Chester Hospital has given a statement to Sky News in response to Lynsey's allegations.

The hospital's medical director, Dr Nigel Scawn, said the Letby case has had a profound impact on patients and the local community.

"We are extremely sorry that these crimes were committed at our hospital and our thoughts continue to be with all the families and loved ones of the babies who came to harm or died," Dr Scawn said.

"We cannot begin to understand what they have been through.

"Since Lucy Letby worked at our hospital, we have made significant changes to our services. I want to provide reassurance that every patient who accesses our services can have confidence in the care they will receive.

"And, most importantly, our thoughts are with all the families and loved ones at this very difficult time."

Management and paediatricians have questions to answer, says former Letby colleague
Lucy Letby carried on killing babies even after fellow staff members raised questions about her behaviour.

Dr John Gibbs was a consultant paediatrician at the Countess of Chester hospital while Letby worked there. He had concerns about her, and gave evidence in court.

Speaking to Sky News, Dr Gibbs accepted that there are legitimate questions about why paediatricians did not stop her as soon as concerns were raised - and why it took management so long to get police involved.


Victim's family - 'life sentence won't be enough'
The parents of one of the babies which Lucy Letby attempted to murder has told Sky News that she put their family through hell and that what she did is going to affect them for the rest of their lives.

They want a life sentence - but say even that won't be enough for the pain and hurt she's caused.

To protect the identity of the parents, Sky News has allowed them to speak anonymously - voiced by actors.


How does a seemingly hard-working student become a serial killer?
Letby had been a nursing student at the Countess of Chester hospital - but it took several years for her to become the serial killer that has landed her behind bars.

Criminal psychologist Dr David Holmes discusses whether anything flipped in Letby's mind.



BREAKING Letby's attacks were a complete betrayal of trust, says lawyer

Pascale Jones, a lawyer for the Crown Prosecution Service, has also been speaking outside Manchester Crown Court.

"Lucy Letby was entrusted to protect some of the most vulnerable babies. Little did those working alongside her know that there was a murderer in their midst," she said.

"In her hands, innocuous substances like air, milk or medication like insulin would become lethal.

"She perverted her learning and weaponized her craft to inflict harm, grief and death. Time and again, she harmed babies in an environment which should have been safe for them and their families."

Saying her thoughts are with the families affected, Ms Jones said parents had been exposed to Letby's "her morbid curiosity and her fake compassion. Too many of them returned home to empty baby rooms.

"Many surviving children live with permanent consequences of the assault upon their lives. Her attacks were a complete betrayal of the trust placed in her."

Chester Hospital 'deeply saddened' and 'appalled' by nurse's crimes


'It's the ultimate final insult' if the convicted murderer does not attend her sentencing
Lucy Letby says she is 'determined' not to come up to the court for her sentencing, causing 'huge distress' to the victims' families.


Chester Hospital doctor speaks out after killer nurse is found guilty
Dr John Gibbs is a retired consultant paediatrician who was working at Countess of Chester Hospital when Letby carried out her attacks.


ITV Evening News 18/08/23


ITV News at Ten


Podcast - PM 18/08/2023


BBC News at Six 18/08/23


Channel 4 News


Panorama - Lucy Letby - the Nurse Who Killed


Newsnight - How did Lucy Letby Kill for So Long?


Podcast - PM 19th


ITV News Weekend Teatime 19/08/2023


ITV - What You Need to Know


There are more things. Some include -

1) Childhood friend of Lucy Letby insists 'bubbly' baby killer is innocent

2) being put on suicide watch before the sentencing so as to avoid cheating justice

3) The text messages Lucy Letby sent as she murdered babies

I should be uploading the lead-up to the sentencing, updates, victim impact statements and the sentencing and some reactions in the next few days or so. Of course, you can find the information online, but as the way I make such threads, I think it's both a good idea and quite important to have the things together in one place.
Like above, this is from (now closed) live threads from the BBC News and Sky News. It's also from metro.co.uk and londoneconomic.com and from ITV programmes. Again - the details are repeated, but there are different things, as well.

'You thought it was your right to play god with our children's lives'
We're now hearing statements from some of the families whose babies were attacked.

A statement is now being read by Philip Astbury KC on behalf of the parents of babies A and B - twins who were attacked in June 2015. Baby A was murdered and Letby attempted to murder baby B.

"Our minds are so traumatised it won't let us remember the night you killed our child... after losing [baby A] we were riddled with fear for his sister [baby B]...

"We are so thankful that we had that fear for her, as it saved her life.... there was always a member of our family at her side watching... however we made a mistake... little did we know you were waiting for us to leave so you could attack.

"You thought it was your right to play god with our children's lives.

"You thought you could enter our lives and turn it upside down but you will never win. We hope you live a very long life and spend every day suffering for what you've done."

Like something out of horror story, says mother of murdered baby boy
We are now hearing directly, in person, from the mother of baby C, a baby boy who was murdered by Letby.

She is sitting in the witness box.

She says: "I will always remember the overwhelming wave of emotion I felt when I first held [baby C]. It was like nothing I'd ever experienced before. My tiny feisty boy. My first born. My son...

"The trauma of that night [as he died] will live with us forever... Knowing his murderer was watching us was like something out of a horror story... There are many 'what ifs' that keep me awake.. what if I had not gone to bed that night, maybe he would still be here."

No sentence could ever compare to our agony, says mother
We're hearing more from the mother of baby C, a baby boy who Letby murdered. The mother is crying in the dock.

"In the dark days after his death I would open his memory box... I used to wear his hand and foot prints around my neck.... On July 3rd when Lucy Letby was arrested I felt so conflicted. She took those hand and foot prints.

"Lucy Letby... there is no sentence that will ever compare to the excruciating agony that we have suffered as a consequence of your actions."

'Our baby daughter's funeral was the day before her due date'
The mother of baby D is now in the witness box. Baby D was a baby girl who Letby murdered by injecting air into her bloodstream.

The mother tells the courtroom: "My heart broke into a million pieces when [baby D] lost her battle for life and it unleashed hell.

"We had to organise her funeral. The service took place the day before her due date.

"I missed [baby D] so much. I was desperate to feel her, smell her, cuddle her. I was desperate to keep her safe."

The mother adds that she pushed for answers but was initially told that it wasn't a police matter.

Mum holds baby's toy as she addresses court
The mother of baby D, a baby girl who was murdered in June 2015, says "I have lost my confidence as a mother, as a woman, as a friend, as a wife".

She is holding a toy rabbit in the witness box as she speaks.

"My marriage is also scarred... it has been hard to keep strong together at times".

"Since [baby D] passed away I live behind my own shadow... I had a car accident and I crashed into a wall."

"I considered ending it all. I couldn't continue... I was hoping that so hard that if i went to the other side I would see my daughter. My prayers have given me the courage to stay."

'Evil disguised as a caring nurse', says twins' mother
The mother of twin babies E and F is speaking now, from the witness box. These twins were born in July 2015.

Letby murdered baby E and attempted to murder baby F 24 hours later.

"Our worlds were shattered when we encountered evil disguised as a caring nurse," she says.

The mother said that when Letby was identified as the suspect, "we felt cheated, deceived and utterly heartbroken".

She says that she felt robbed of precious time with her baby boy after he died. Lucy Letby bathed him and dressed him in a gown, which he was then buried in.

'I never leave my surviving son alone... I can't trust anyone'
The mother of twin boys E and F continues to share her victim impact statement from the witness box.

The family had IVF and the mother says Letby knew this and was aware of their journey.

"She presented herself as kind, caring and softly spoken. Now I know it was all an act... it has left me unable to trust anyone."

The mother says she won't leave the surviving twin boy, who has complex needs, alone with any medical professional, even though "logically I know that every nurse is not like Lucy".

We are living with a life sentence, says twins' mum
The mother of twins baby E, who was killed, and baby F, who Letby tried to kill, continues to address the courtroom.

She says "the trial felt like a platform for Lucy to relive her crimes".

She adds that "we had to endure months of sitting in court... it was heart-wrenching and soul-destroying... especially when it was suggested that baby E's cry wasn't as loud as I said it was... I was there".

About the fact Letby searched for her on Facebook, the mother says: "The relationship should have been strictly professional... I was on that unit for only 13 days."

"We are living with a life sentence because of Letby’s crimes."

We were preparing to come home and then Letby killed my daughter - mother
A statement from baby I's mother is now being be read on her behalf. Lucy Letby murdered baby I, a baby girl, by injecting air into both the infant's bloodstream and stomach.

Baby I's mother says that just before her daughter was attacked, she was "like a full-term baby."

"She was on full bottle feeds sat on my knee, very alert, she often smiled and she never cried, she was a very content little girl," her mother adds.

She recalls phoning the baby's father saying they would be coming home soon. "They had even asked us to bring the car seat in to be checked," she notes.

But a week later this all changed, she says. "We were called and told we needed to come in as [baby I] had another collapse," she adds. "We were in fight or flight mode, we barely ate or slept because [baby I] just kept needing to be resuscitated."

'A part of us died with her'
The statement from baby I's mother continues. Baby I was killed by Letby in October 2015.

"On the night baby I died we were speaking with the nurses in room one and they said at the rate she was improving there was still a chance she could be home for Christmas," she says. "When they handed baby I to us we never wanted to let her go. We held her so tight.

"She was our gorgeous little princess and I can't even begin to explain the pain when we lost her. A part of us died with her".

Baby I's mother says that in the first year after baby I's death, she wore sunglasses permanently "to hide the pain and tears from my kids as I didn't want to upset them as they were also struggling".

She describes her struggle to be out in public, eat and sleep due reliving her daughter's collapses "like they were at that moment, happening again".

"I felt like I was sinking into a black hole and it was getting harder to keep myself going," the mother adds. She says she was later prescribed gave her anti-depressants, sleeping tablets and beta blockers.

She says: "When they told us they were arresting some one for [baby I]'s murder I remember my whole body shaking. I don't think we will ever get over the fact that our daughter was tortured till she had no fight left in her."

Letby kept looking over at me during trial, says father of twins
We are now hearing a statement read on behalf of the father of twin boys, babies L and M, who Letby tried to kill.

"Initially doctors told us that the whole events that took place in 2016 surrounding my children was normal for premature babies and we believed what the doctors were telling us at the time.

"Little did we know that a year or so after their birth, the police would come knocking on the door and break the news that this could be an attempted murder case."

His statement goes on to say: "There was a day when I was at the trial and the public gallery was full and I was sat in Lucy Letby’s line of view and she kept looking over at me. That made me feel quite uncomfortable and uneasy and I had to move in the afternoon so I was out of her view".

'I just knew my son had been attacked... a mother's instinct'
The next statement is being read on behalf of the family of baby N, a little boy who Letby attempted to murder in June 2016.

"The day we were called to the neonatal unit was the worst day of our lives... seeing our tiny baby fighting for his life... seeing medics doing CPR on his tiny body.

"We both relive this every day, because not a day goes by without thinking about that day."

"I honestly knew [baby N] had been deliberately harmed... I don't know if it was a mother's instinct, but I just knew."

We don't want Letby to know the damage she's left, say parents
More from the parents of baby N, who Letby tried to kill. Their statement is being read to the court.

"We believe baby N has lasting damage as a result of the injuries he sustained," saying that he can be sick when he’s eating, coughing or running around, which can be caused by trauma to the throat.

"He's just turned seven years old. We still have a camera watching him sleep. We are extremely protective... We wanted him to be home schooled as we didn't want anybody else looking after him.

"We do everything possible to keep him safe now. If that means wrapping him up in cotton wool then that is what we will do. We know we smother him with love and affection. We don't give him boundaries, because we don't want him to be sad and upset."

The mother of baby N says that possibility of going back into the neonatal unit stopped them having any more children. "We don't want her [Letby] to know the damage that she's left... or get any satisfaction from the hurt she's caused."

'I remember saying thank you to nurse Letby after my son's death'
The court is now being played pre-recorded video of the statements by the parents of babies O and P, two triplet brothers who were murdered by Letby in June 2016.

The boys' mother says: "I started to blame myself. I thought I'd passed on an illness to all three of the boys... an infection.

"I only have one photo of me holding all three boys together but this was after [baby O] had passed.

"Nurse Letby was inconsolable after the death of [baby P] and I recall saying 'thank you'."

The boys' mother adds: "I have experienced panic attacks which have required medical intervention... the [third triplet] as he grows, is asking questions about his brothers.

Going through the "firsts" with the surviving triplet is very hard, she says.

Normal life became impossible to enjoy, says father
The father of murdered babies O and P says he "did not receive any counselling or support, after losing the boys".

"I didn’t know how to deal with situation or what to tell our eldest child, we had had no guidance for the siblings.

"There was no contact from the Countess whatsoever, our extended family kindly offered to collect the memory boxes, but this wasn’t acceptable at the Countess, the hospital wanted the direct family to collect which made us very upset and angry as we never had any intentions of returning."

He adds: "I did briefly return to work, but then the breakdowns happened which affected my mental health, I became irritable, angry, and bad tempered and started having terrible nightmares. I hid all of this from [my partner] and didn’t share my thoughts and feelings which placed a huge amount of stress on the relationship".

"I found it difficult to talk about what had happened, I could not grieve properly and became cocooned and insular. Everyday life was difficult, just getting up and living was a struggle. It was difficult to be happy around [the surviving triplet] and our eldest child, I felt guilty if I showed any happiness, normal life was impossible to enjoy. This affected our children when he saw me upset."

'I was gobsmacked when Letby was arrested'
The father of babies O and P, who were both killed, says his mental health deteriorated: "As time went on, around a year after [their] first anniversary, I was still struggling to come to terms with their deaths and so I turned to alcohol... One day I took the car keys and had thoughts of ending my life..."

"Life was slowly improving but then in 2018, police informed us that nurse Lucy Letby had been arrested, I recall that she was one of the nurses that had cared for the boys whilst at the Countess.

"At first, I was gobsmacked but also relieved that there was finally some form of explanation for the deaths of [babies O and P] and all my issues had not been in vain."

The anger I have towards Letby has destroyed me, says babies' father
The father of babies O and P has been sobbing throughout the delivery of his statement, which was pre-recorded on video. Many in court are tearful too.

"It is always hard to explain to [triplet 3] that he was a triplet and trying to answer any questions that he may have," says the dad of babies O and P, who both were killed.

"Since the news about Lucy Letby, I have attended several counselling sessions provided by victim support services. I am still classed as ‘long term sick’ and continue to take anti-depressants".

"In the courtroom everything became so real, seeing Lucy Letby for the first time since 2016 was difficult.

"Hearing the evidence unfold was hard as I was discovering latest information about the case that I was unaware of. More so the texts that Letby had sent to her work colleagues and the personal Facebook searches. I thought that these actions were both in poor taste and unnatural, hearing this in open court sent a shiver down my spine."

"Lucy Letby has destroyed our lives. The anger and the hatred I have towards her will never go away. It has destroyed me as a man and as a father. I have missed over six years of our children’s lives because of her actions. Even after the trial has ended, it will continue to haunt us and will always have an impact on our lives."

Lucy Letby will spend rest of life in prison for ‘cruel, calculated’ baby murders
The mother of Letby’s first two victims said: ‘You thought it was your right to play God with our children’s lives.’ She described how, after the death of their first baby, they stayed by the second infant’s cot side but ‘made a mistake’ in believing what happened had been a ‘tragic event that couldn’t be stopped’. She added: ‘Little did we know you were waiting for us to leave so you could attack the one thing that gave us a reason to carry on in life.’

The mother of Baby C told the court how she had her son’s hand and footprint – taken by Letby after she killed him – made into a pendant and she wore this round her neck as it ‘made me feel closer to him’. She said: ‘On 3 July 2018, when Lucy Letby was first arrested, these few tangible memories I had of my son felt tainted. She took those hand and footprints. I felt so conflicted as to what that meant, so I stopped wearing them.

‘I needed to understand what part Lucy Letby had played in the death of my defenceless baby boy.’ The woman told the court: ‘Now we know as much about (my son’s) death as I believe we ever will, I feel able to wear his hand and footprints for the first time in five years. ‘I know now that they represent the love that I have for my son, and I will not allow evil to taint that.’

Addressing Letby, she added: ‘To you, our son’s life was collateral damage in your persistent desire for drama, attention, praise and sympathy. ‘Knowing now that his murderer was watching us throughout these traumatic hours is like something out of a horror story.’

Choking back tears, she said: ‘There is no sentence that will ever compare to the excruciating agony we have suffered as a consequence of your murder of our son. ‘But at least now there is no debate – that, in your own words, you killed them on purpose. You are evil. You did this.’

The mother of Baby D told the court: ‘Lucy Letby had a chance to say something to us all, parents of the victims, and she had only one word – “unimaginable”. ‘Her wicked sense of entitlement and abuse of her role as a trusted nurse is a scandal.’

The mother of twin brothers Baby E, who died, and Baby F, who survived, told the court that on August 3, 2015, the day her first child was murdered, ‘our world shattered when we encountered evil disguised as a caring nurse’.

She said the boys were ‘extraordinary miracles’ after she and her husband had experienced failed IVF attempts.

The twins’ mother continued: ‘Lucy was aware of our journey and deliberately caused significant harm and cruelty to our boys. No children in this world were more wanted and loved than them.

‘Lucy presented herself as kind, caring, and soft-spoken. Now I know it was all an act, a sadistic abuse of power that has left me unable to trust anyone.’

She said: ‘Lucy bathed (Baby E), an action I deeply regret, and dressed him in a woollen gown. He was buried in that gown, a gift from the unit chosen by Lucy.

‘I feel sickened by the choice we made. Not a single day passes without distress over this decision.’

The court heard Baby F has been diagnosed with severe learning difficulties as a result of the insulin poisoning.

His mum went on: ‘He is without his best friend, his other half. We have essentially grieved for both of our boys and the future we had planned.

‘Even in these final days of the trial she has tried to control things, the disrespect she has shown the families and the court show what type of person she is.

‘We have attended court day in and day out, yet she decides she has had enough, and stays in her cell, just one final act of wickedness from a coward.’

She added: ‘I would like to thank Lucy for taking the stand and showing the court what she is really like once the “nice Lucy” mask slips.

‘It was honestly the best thing she could have done to ensure our boys got the justice they deserve.’

In a statement, the father of Baby G, who Letby was found guilty of attempting to murder twice, said: ‘Every day I would sit there and pray. I would pray for God to save her. He did. He saved her, but the devil found her.’

The mother of Baby I, who jurors heard was murdered by Letby at the fourth attempt, said: ‘I don’t think we will ever get over the fact that our daughter was tortured till she had no fight left in her and everything she went through over her short life was deliberately done by someone who was supposed to protect her and help her come home where she belonged.’

She added: ‘When they handed her to us we never wanted to let her go, we held her so tight she was our gorgeous little princess and I cant even begin to explain the pain. When we lost her a part of us died with her.’

The father of Babies L and M, who Letby tried to kill, described having to move seats in court she kept glaring at him from the dock.

He said the image of his son collapsing was ‘forever etched’ in his mind and the stress and strain had been unbearable at times.

The dad added: ‘Initially doctors told us that the whole events that took place in 2016 surrounding my children was normal for premature babies and we believed what the doctors were telling us at the time.

‘Little did we know that a year or so after their birth the police would come knocking on the door and break the news that this could be an attempted murder case.’

The mother of Baby N, who survived, said she always knew her son had been deliberately harmed, adding: ‘We just questioned why a healthy baby boy was fine one minute and bleeding from the mouth and needing CPR the next.’

She said that she felt ‘happy and relieved’ when the police got in contact to say they were investigating Letby because ‘we felt like we were being listened to’.

The parents of triplet brothers Babies O and P said Letby has ‘destroyed our lives’.

Jurors were told Letby learned of the births while on holiday in Ibiza and became their designated nurse on her first shift back to work on June 23, 2016.

Later that day things ‘started to go downhill’. He said: ‘I was present in the NNU (neonatal unit) and was informed that (Baby O) had collapsed and to be patient and to give the staff some space.

‘Hewas visibly struggling, it was very distressing to watch his deterioration. I noticed the colour of his skin was changing rapidly, it didn’t appear normal to the naked eye, it was horrific to see, and it is an image that I’ll never forget.

‘Deep down I knew it was not going to end well. (Baby O) received a blessing from the priest and was quickly christened. Moments later, he was gone.

‘I felt like I had been stabbed in the heart. No words could describe how I was feeling. I kept wishing it had happened to me and at that time would have gladly taken his place.

‘From that point I spent some time on the unit with (the surviving triplet) and (Baby P). I did not know how I should be feeling and was worried about other complications. Every beep on that unit caused me anxiety and additional stress.’

He said that the next morning he and his wife were informed that Baby P was poorly.

In her statement, the triplets’ mother said she believed she had infected all three of her sons when the complications arose.

She recalled that Letby had dressed Baby P after his death and at the time appeared ‘inconsolable and apologetic’. She told the court: ‘I recall saying words to the effect of “thank you”.’

The mother then took a long pause before she continued reading her statement, recalling that Letby was the last person to hold Baby P. ‘She has destroyed our lives,’ she said.


Letby was on duty during every catastrophic collapse (Picture: Getty Images)

What the prosecution and defence said about each child in the Lucy Letby trial
Here is what the prosecution and the defence in the trial of Lucy Letby said about each of the 17 children the nurse faced charges over.

Child A, allegation of murder. The Crown said Letby injected air intravenously into the bloodstream of the baby boy. The defence said Letby did no such thing and there was suboptimal care of the youngster – COUNT 1 GUILTY.

Child B, allegation of attempted murder. The Crown said Letby attempted to murder the baby girl, the twin sister of Child A, by injecting air into her bloodstream. The defence said a natural event could not be excluded due to her prematurity – COUNT 2 GUILTY.

Child C, allegation of murder. Prosecutors said Letby forced air down a feeding tube and into the stomach of the baby boy. The defence said the nurse did nothing harmful and that medics were slow to react to a number of health issues in a very poorly baby – COUNT 3 GUILTY.

Child D, allegation of murder. The Crown said air was injected intravenously into the baby girl. The defence say she may have died from infection – COUNT 4 GUILTY.

Child E, allegation of murder. The Crown said Letby murdered the twin baby boy with an injection of air into the bloodstream and also deliberately caused bleeding to the infant. The defence said the evidence did not show Letby attacked Child E and he too received suboptimal care – COUNT 5 GUILTY.

Child F, allegation of attempted murder. Letby was said by prosecutors to have poisoned the twin brother of Child E with insulin. The defence said Letby was not the poisoner and did not admit the evidence established he was given manufactured insulin – COUNT 6 GUILTY.

Child G, three allegations of attempted murder. The Crown said Letby targeted the baby girl by overfeeding her with milk and pushing air down her feeding tube. The defence said the allegations were weak and demonstrated how blame was placed ‘improbably and unfairly’ on the nurse – COUNT 7 GUILTY, COUNT 8 GUILTY, COUNT 9 NOT GUILTY.

Child H, two allegations of attempted murder. Prosecutors said Letby sabotaged the care of the baby girl in some way which led to two profound oxygen desaturations. The defence said elements of Child H’s care were suboptimal and there could be innocent explanations for the episodes – COUNT 10 NOT GUILTY, COUNT 11 JURY COULD NOT REACH VERDICT.

Child I, allegation of murder. The prosecution said Letby killed the baby girl at the fourth attempt and had given her air and overfed her with milk. The defence said Letby did nothing to harm Child I, who may have had an infection and had a history of recurring oxygen desaturations and abdominal distension – COUNT 12 GUILTY.


Court artist sketch of Letby reacting to the final questions from her barrister Ben Myers KC (Picture: PA)

Child J, allegation of attempted murder. No specific form of harm was identified by the prosecution but they said Letby did something to cause the collapse of the baby girl. The defence said infection could not be ruled out as the cause – COUNT 13 JURY COULD NOT REACH VERDICT.

Child K, allegation of attempted murder. The prosecution said Letby compromised the baby girl as she deliberately dislodged a breathing tube. The defence said Child K was extremely premature and she had experienced suboptimal care – COUNT 14 JURY COULD NOT REACH VERDICT.

Child L, allegation of attempted murder. The Crown said the nurse poisoned the twin baby boy with insulin. The defence said Letby was not the poisoner and did not admit the evidence established he was given manufactured insulin – COUNT 15 GUILTY.

Child M, allegation of attempted murder. Prosecutors said Letby injected air into the bloodstream of Child L’s twin brother. The defence said Letby did nothing to harm the boy and described the medical experts’ evidence on the ‘slow-acting’ injection as ‘unbelievable’ – COUNT 16 GUILTY.

Child N, three allegations of attempted murder. The Crown said Letby inflicted trauma in the baby boy’s throat and also injected him with air in the bloodstream. The defence said Letby committed no harmful acts and there was suboptimal care – COUNT 17 GUILTY, COUNT 18 JURY COULD NOT REACH VERDICT, COUNT 19 JURY COULD NOT REACH VERDICT.

Child O, allegation of murder. Prosecutors say Letby attacked the triplet boy by injecting him with air, overfeeding him with milk and inflicting trauma to his liver with ‘severe force’. The defence said Child O had some health issues before Letby came on shift and that CPR possibly caused the liver injury – COUNT 20 GUILTY.

Child P, allegation of murder. Prosecutors said the nurse targeted the triplet brother of Child O by overfeeding him with milk, injecting air and dislodging his breathing tube. The defence say Child P was subjected to a ‘catalogue of poor medical care’ – COUNT 21 GUILTY.

Child Q, allegation of attempted murder. The Crown said Letby injected the baby boy with liquid, and possibly air, down his feeding tube. The defence said Letby did nothing harmful and Child Q became unwell due to a natural health issue – COUNT 22 JURY COULD NOT REACH VERDICT.

There has still been no light shed on what drove a woman described as ‘beige’ and ‘vanilla’, and playfully dubbed ‘The Innocent One’, to become a ‘cold, calculated, cruel and relentless’ killer.

Judge’s sentencing remarks in full
Here are the sentencing remarks made by Mr Justice Goss in full as issued by the Judicial Office.

They have been amended to comply with reporting restrictions to protect the identity of the victims.

1. The defendant, Lucy Letby, has refused to attend court for this sentence hearing. Accordingly, I have to sentence her in her absence. I shall deliver the sentencing remarks as if she was present to hear them and I direct that she is provided with a transcript of my remarks and copies of the Victim Personal Statements read to the court.

2. Lucy Letby, over a period of almost 13 months between June 2015 and June 2016, when in your mid-20’s and employed as a neo-natal nurse at the Countess of Chester Hospital in Chester with specialist training in intensive care, you murdered seven babies and attempted to murder six others, in the case of one of them trying on separate occasions two weeks apart to murder her. You are now to be sentenced for your crimes. I order payment of the statutory surcharge in the appropriate amount.

3. You acted in a way that was completely contrary to the normal human instincts of nurturing and caring for babies and in gross breach of the trust that all citizens place in those who work in the medical and caring professions. The babies you harmed were born prematurely and some were at risk of not surviving, but in each case you deliberately harmed them intending to kill them. In your evidence you said that ‘hurting a baby is completely against everything that being a nurse is’, as, indeed, it should be. You also claimed you never did anything that was meant to hurt a baby and only ever did your best to care for them. That was but one of the many lies you were found to have told in this case.

4. There is no doubt that you are intelligent and, outwardly, were a very conscientious, hard working, knowledgeable, confident and professional nurse, which enabled you repeatedly to harm babies on the unit without arousing suspicion for some time. You prided yourself in your competence. Your fellow neonatal nurses spoke very highly of you, and several of them became your close friends. Having started as a Band 5 nurse at the Countess of Chester in 2012, you became a mentor to student nurses and, in the Spring of 2015, gained the qualification that enabled you to care for the sickest babies on the unit or those requiring the most intensive care. You relished being in the intensive care nursery. Your messages to colleagues revealed an interest in babies that were on or were coming to the unit who had uncommon medical conditions.

5. The methods you employed to carry out your murderous intent were only revealed by the later detailed investigation into the events of and surrounding the collapses and deaths of the babies which commenced in 2018. There was pre-meditation, calculation and cunning in your actions. You specifically targeted twins and, latterly, triplets. Some babies were healthy, others had medical issues of which you were aware. The great majority of your victims suffered acute pain as a result of what you did to them. They all fought for survival; some, sadly, struggled in vain and died. You used a number of different ways to try to kill them, thereby misleading clinicians into believing the collapses had, or might have had a natural cause or were a consequence of a developing medical condition. You took opportunities to harm babies when staff were on breaks or away from babies. On some occasions you falsified records to indicate there were signs of a deterioration before a collapse occurred. You knew that the last thing anyone working in the unit would or did think was that someone caring for the babies was deliberately harming them.

6. As the number of unexpected and unexplained collapses and deaths escalated senior doctors started to ‘think the unthinkable’ and consider the possibility that someone was, in fact, deliberately harming the babies and you were identified as the common factor. You had a detached enthusiasm for the resuscitations and what followed. You endeavoured to impress colleagues and clinicians and sought reassurance from them as to your competence and skills, and would message others to the effect that no-one was at fault. On occasions, your cruelty and callousness was revealed by making inappropriate remarks to some of the grieving parents at the time of or in the immediate aftermath of a death. When the homes of both you and your parents were searched, confidential documents relating to babies, including handover and resuscitation sheets and notes and blood gas readings were found, and there were entries in a diary recording relevant events. Handover sheets relating to all but the first four of the babies had been taken from the unit and kept by you. I am satisfied you started to keep these documents after those initial offences in June 2015 as morbid records of the dreadful events surrounding the collapses of your victims and what you had done to them. You had a fascination with the babies and their families, which extended to making repeated searches on Facebook for their parents, sometimes immediately following the events and, on occasions, much later. A piece of paper with dense writing on both sides, setting out your thoughts and feelings, was found in the first search of your home in 2018. Amongst the phrases you wrote were ‘the world is better off without me’ and ‘I am evil I did this’.

7. The impact of your crimes has been immense, as disclosed by the deeply moving personal statements that have been read to the court this morning. The lives of new-born or relatively new-born babies were ended almost as soon as they began and lifelong harm has been caused, all in horrific circumstances. Loving parents have been robbed of their cherished children and others have to live with the physical and mental consequences of your actions. Siblings have been deprived of brothers and sisters. You have caused deep psychological trauma, brought enduring grief and feelings of guilt, caused strains in relationships and disruption to the lives of all the families of all your victims.

8. It is no part of my function to reach conclusions as to the underlying reason or reasons for your actions. Nor could I, for they are known only to you. I must pass appropriate sentences according to law, addressing the seriousness of your offences, the facts of which I now describe briefly.

9. On the evening of 8th June 2015 you murdered [Child A]. He died just over 24 hours after he was born, suddenly and unexpectedly collapsing shortly after you took over as his designated nurse at the start of the evening shift. He was in a nursery with his twin sister, [Child B]. Although he was born prematurely, he had been extremely stable. He died of air embolus as a result of you administering a bolus of air into his venous system which blocked off the blood supply to his heart and lungs. In common with all nurses, you knew from your training the dangers caused by air getting into the venous system and that air embolus was very rarely encountered in clinical practice. You took part in the attempts to resuscitate [Child A] and claimed you found the process of taking his footprints and handprints, as well as photographs of him after his death, to be quite a nice thing to do for the baby and you saw it as a way of giving parents memories. In evidence, you sought to blame others for his collapse. The following day you searched for [Child A]’s mother on Facebook and then, on the ensuing night shift, at shortly after midnight on 10th June, you attempted to murder his sister, [Child B], by injecting air into her venous system via a long line through which she was receiving nutrition. Fortunately, she was able to be resuscitated and survived.

10. Four days after [Child B]’s collapse, in the early hours of 14th June, [Child C] collapsed and died in the intensive care nursery. He had been born four days earlier at 30 weeks gestation in good condition, but was vulnerable; he had a lung infection which was being treated by antibiotics. However, his breathing stabilised. He was being fed by a naso-gastric tube. You messaged a colleague saying you ‘needed to throw yourself back in and take an ITU baby soon’. On that night shift of 13-14th June you were the designated nurse for two babies in another nursery. [Child C] was started on trophic, that is tiny, feeds that night. You were at the side of his incubator when he stopped breathing and his oxygen saturations were very low as a result of you having deliberately infused an excessive amount of air down his naso-gastric tube. Attempts to resuscitate [Child C] failed and he died some hours later in his parents’ arms. Before he passed away you made an insensitive and inappropriate, but revealing comment to them about them having said their goodbyes and to put him in a ventilated basket. Understandably they reacted to this.

11. Just over a week later, in the early hours of Monday 22nd June, [Child D], who had been born 36 hours earlier, died in the intensive care nursery. You will have been aware that she was being treated for an infection and were the designated nurse for two other babies in that nursery on that night shift. You decided to kill her and administered air into her intravenously, causing her to die from air embolus. You were involved in her resuscitation and, in your messaging with other nurses after [Child D]’s death, you described how upsetting it was and how distraught her parents were and referred to thinking an element of fate was involved. Three days after [Child D] died, you searched for her parents on Facebook and, over three months later, on 3rd October you made two more searches for her father.

12. Over a month passed before you killed another baby. Again, it was a twin who was selected, [Child E]. He and his brother, [Child F], were born on 29th July. [Child E] died in the early hours of 4th August. During the shift that night you were the designated nurse for both [Child E] and [Child F]. [Child E] died of air embolus and there was damage to his to his upper gastro-intestinal tract caused by trauma of some kind inflicted by you, which resulted in significant blood loss. The bleeding started earlier in the shift and was seen by his mother; she was very concerned and you sought to reassure her. The circumstances of the attempted resuscitation and his death were harrowing, with profuse bleeding. At the time the clinicians thought he may have died of necrotising enterocolitis and no post mortem was undertaken. You commented in messages to colleagues that he had a massive haemorrhage and it could have happened to anyone.

13. On the following nightshift, the 4th – 5th August, you turned your attention to [Child F] and poisoned him by adding manufactured insulin to his intravenous infusions of total parenteral feed. Only very small volumes of insulin needed to be added to the half litre bags of feed; it was not noticeable in the bag, nor would it be apparent that any was missing from the insulin bottle. You infused a bag that was hung that shift and several other stock bags. As a result, when bags were changed, [Child F] continued to have dangerously low blood sugar levels despite increasing infusions of dextrose. It was only when a bag that had not had insulin added was hung that his levels recovered and he was no longer at risk of the consequences of hypoglaecemia of brain damage and potential death. [Child F] recovered but has severe learning difficulties. No doubt you were reassured that no-one suspected that insulin had been added and, with this knowledge, you went on to repeat this method of attempting to kill another twin, [Child L], some eight months later. Again, you made Facebook searches. On 6th August and 14th September you searched for his mother and you searched for both parents in October.

14. In September you made two attempts to kill [Child G]. She was a very premature baby who was born in Arrowe Park Hospital on 31st May at only 23 weeks and six days’ gestation. Although on the margin of survival, she did survive. By 13th August she was stable and was transferred to the Countess of Chester, where the general trend of improvement continued. The 7th September was her 100th day of life; nurses had planned a small celebration, including the display of a banner. On the nightshift of 6th – 7th, you deliberately injected milk and air into [Child G]’s stomach down the naso-gastric tube shortly after her designated nurse had fed her, causing her to projectile vomit; her alarms sounded, her heart rate and saturation levels dropped and she required breathing assistance. You were nearby and assisted, and later sought to blame a colleague for potentially over-feeding. In messaging prior to [Child G] being transferred back to Arrowe Park in the early hours of 8th September, you referred to her being a ‘high risk baby’. Five days after [Child G]’s return to the Countess of Chester on 16th September, you made a further attempt to kill her on 21st September by over-feeding her, causing her to projectile vomit again and stop breathing and her saturations to drop. [Child G] suffered a severe and profound injury to her brain from the first event on 7th September, which may have been added to by your actions on 21st September, and from which she will not recover. She requires constant nursing care and attention and will require surgery and support throughout her life.

15. Just over a month later, on 23rd October, you murdered [Child I]. She had been born at Arrowe Park Hospital on 7th August and had been at the Countess of Chester from 18th August, apart from two short periods in September and October. When at the Countess of Chester she suffered a series of sudden, unexpected and unexplained episodes. On 30th September you infused a large quantity of air down her nasogastric tube into her stomach and bowel, thereby interfering with her breathing, reducing her oxygen saturations and heart rate and causing her to vomit and require oxygen under pressure. It is also likely that, in the early hours of 13th October, you infused air into her venous system. The following night she collapsed again but recovered with breathing support and was transferred to Arrowe Park for two days. Six days after her return, on the night of 22nd-23rd October, she suffered her final collapse, crying out in severe pain as a result of air embolus after you had injected air into her venous system. She, too, died in her parents’ arms. Not only was it devastating for the … family, it was also deeply upsetting for the nursing and medical staff, who had known and cared for [Child I] for some time and had fought to save her. Again you searched for her mother on Facebook.

16. In early April 2016, you administered insulin to [Child L] and injected air into the venous system of his twin brother, [Child M], repeating what you had done eight months earlier to [Child E and Child F]. They had been born on 8th April. You added insulin to the dextrose bag that was set up for [Child L] within two hours of his birth and to several other bags that were later hung. On 9th April, when [Child L] was hypoglycemic, you injected air into [Child M]’s venous system causing him to suffer a profound apnoeic episode and cardio-respiratory arrest. It took just under 30 minutes to resuscitate him. You were present throughout. A piece of paper towel on which details of the drug administration notes had been noted during the emergency and a blood gas print out which you had retrieved from the confidential waste were found at your home after your arrest, and you also took home handover sheets relating to [Child M]. You made a note of the event in your diary. [Child M] suffered irreversible brain damage as a result of his cardio respiratory collapse and, over time, he may well deviate from his peers in relation to attainment and cognitive or motor function.

17. On the 3rd June you attempted to murder [Child N]. He had been born on 2nd June. His mother is haemophiliac. This interested you. When his designated nurse went on a break in the early hours of the night after he was born you inflicted some painful trauma to the oropharynx area causing him to scream, bleed and profoundly desaturate. Fortunately, he survived but could have suffered consequences to the trauma to his throat.

18. Almost a week later on 21st June 2016 … gave birth to identical triplet boys. Although on holiday at the time, you were communicating with colleagues about the triplets and said you felt most at home in the intensive care nursery. On your first day back at work on 23rd June you were the designated nurse for [Child O and Child P], who, together with their brother … were all in the intensive care nursery. That afternoon [Child O] suffered a series of sudden and unexpected collapses as a result of you administering air down his naso-gastric tube as well as into his venous system and you inflicted trauma to his liver causing significant bleeding. The horror of the consequences of your actions and the desperate attempts to resuscitate him and save his life, sadly to no avail, were vividly described by clinicians and his father. The following day you murdered his older brother, [Child P]. You forced air down his naso-gastric tube into his stomach and bowel, and inflicted trauma to his liver but not damaging it as severely as you had in [Child O]’s case. The air caused his diaphragm to splint and he collapsed. His life could not be saved. His father remembered him struggling for his life like his brother. … was removed to another hospital and to safety. In messages to a friend and colleague, when investigations into the unexpected collapses and deaths on consecutive days were under way, you referred to the risk of air embolus and your having submitted a Datix report, which you did in a totally unrelated case on 1st July, referring to one of the lumens through which intravenous medication was being administered via an umbilical venous catheter being open. The cruelty and calculation of your actions were truly horrific.

19. After these last collapses and deaths, you were suspended from nursing duties but pursued complaints of being treated unfairly. When your home was later searched, as well as your 2016 diary, which contained references to long days on 23rd, 24th and 25th June and to J and E, there were handover sheets over that period with resuscitation notes written on the back. All, I have no doubt, being records that you kept to remind you of the details of the consequences of what you had done to those children.

20. For the offence of murder, the sentence is fixed by law and is imprisonment for life. You are now 33 years of age and were over 21 when you committed the offences. Pursuant to the relevant prevailing statutory regime, by having regard to Schedule 21 to the Criminal Justice Act 2003, I have to determine whether the seriousness of the offences of murder, individually or in combination, is so exceptionally high that I should not make a minimum term order and you should spend the rest of your life in prison. For offences of attempted murder, whole life sentences of imprisonment are reserved for wholly exceptional cases. Over a period of just under 13 months you killed seven fragile babies and attempted to kill six others. Some of your victims were only a day or a few days old. All were extremely vulnerable. They were in a hospital where others were striving to provide them with dedicated medical and nursing care. By their nature and number, such murders and attempted murders by a neo-natal nurse entrusted to care for them are offences of very exceptional seriousness. The damaging impact of your actions on others working at that hospital, including those who numbered you as a friend, betraying their trust and creating upset and suspicion, as well as eroding confidence in clinicians and nurses generally, aggravates their seriousness. This was a cruel, calculated and cynical campaign of child murder involving the smallest and most vulnerable of children, knowing that your actions were causing significant physical suffering and would untold mental suffering. You created situations so that collapses or causes of collapses would not be obvious or associated with you; you removed and retained confidential records of events relating to your crimes and checked up on bereaved parents. There was a deep malevolence bordering on sadism in your actions. During the course of this trial you have coldly denied any responsibility for your wrongdoing and sought to attribute some fault to others. You have shown no remorse. There are no mitigating factors. In their totality, the offences of murder and attempted murder were of exceptionally high seriousness and just punishment, according to law, requires a whole life order.

21. Lucy Letby, on each of the seven offences of murder and the seven offences of attempted murder I sentence you to imprisonment for life. Because the seriousness of your offences is exceptionally high I direct that the early release provisions do not apply. The order of the court, therefore, is a whole life order on each and every offence and you will spend the rest of your life in prison.


TV judge Barrister Robert Rinder calls for law change after Lucy Letby's refusal to attend sentencing
Think Judge Judy but British and gay/camp Male.


Families of children murdered by Lucy Letby gave impact statements today. They could not direct them at the nurse who killed their babies b/c Letby was allowed to stay away & not hear the unbearable pain of her victims. Her absence was lawful. It's time to change that law. Now.
— Rob Rinder (@RobbieRinder) August 21, 2023

He added, "There were no practical impediments whatsoever to Letby being in court or appearing by video link (if practically necessary) to hear the voices of the families. I get the problem(s) of bringing an unwilling person to court, but the absence of a law compelling them is deeply unhelpful. Most clients listen to counsel. Few would refuse once told they were legally required to attend unless correctly advised that it is lawful not to."

Newspapers have made similar calls for a law change and ministers have vowed to change the law to ensure serious offenders can be forced to attend court. Writing in the Daily Express, former justice secretary Sir Robert Buckland said Letby's "cynical refusal" to come into the dock added to "already heinous injury".

He suggested the option of a live TV link to the prisoner's cell and increasing sentences for those who refused to attend. Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer, a former director of public prosecutions, accused the Government of "dragging its heels" over making the change. The killers of Olivia Pratt-Korbel, Zara Aleena and Sabina Nessa have also not attended sentencing hearings.

Earlier this year, Justice Secretary Alex Chalk said the Government is "committed" to changing the law so criminals are compelled to attend.

Murderers such as Lucy Letby should publicly face the consequences of their actions.

On that, everybody is agreed.

But achieving this is nowhere near as simple as politicians are pretending.

This blogpost explains why 👇 https://t.co/q8PgC7HlBd
— The Secret Barrister (@BarristerSecret) August 21, 2023

He suggested that for Letby an increased sentence would not force her to attend as she was given a whole-life order.

Prison van arrives at court


Mother of children A and B: 'You were waiting for us to leave so you could attack the one thing that gave us reason to live'
A twin boy and girl - Child A died, while his sister survived. Letby was found guilty of murder and attempted murder.

An impact statement from the mother of children A and B is now being read to the court.

She says 2015 "was going to be the best year of our lives" and "everything was perfect".

"We never got to hold our little boy while he was alive, because you took him away," the statement says.

"What should have been the happiest time of our lives became our worst nightmare."

"We are so thankful that we had that fear for Child B as it saved her life," her statement says, adding that after Child A died they made sure a member of the family was always at their daughter's side.

"Little did we know you were waiting for us to leave so you could attack the one thing that gave us reason to live."

She says there will always be a "gaping hole" where their son should be.

"We hope you live a very long life and spend every single day suffering for what you have done."

Mother of Child D: 'My arms, my heart, my life all felt so painfully empty'
Child D was a baby girl. Letby was found guilty of her murder.

The mother of Child D now addresses the court. She is emotional and the judge reminds her to take her time speaking.

She begins by saying Letby's "wicked sense of entitlement and abuse of her role as a trusted nurse is truly a scandal".

"Lucy Letby, you failed God and the plans we had for [Child D]."

She adds: "Those lives were not yours to take," saying her heart "shattered into a thousand pieces" when her daughter died.

After Child D died they had wanted her to be an organ donor - another baby needed a heart - but because of the post-mortem, this was not possible. This, she says, broke her heart again.

Child D's funeral service took place the day before her due date.

"Those weeks were particularly difficult.

"My arms, my heart, my life all felt so painfully empty.

"I missed Child D so much, I was desperate to smell her, cuddle her."

She says she questioned if she had done something wrong, missed something or "failed her daughter".

She then begins to describe her fight for justice, desperately seeking answers about what had happened.

"I love being a mum but at the same time struggle with grief and depression. I have disconnected from many people around me," she says.

"My marriage is also scarred by all the hurdles we went through. At first, we were each other's rocks... it has been hard to keep strong together."

'We wanted justice for Child D and that day has come'
Child D's mother now describes the trial. Because she gave evidence, she was not allowed to attend the early stages.

Her husband attended court every day.

"It felt invasive having Child D's short life exposed to the public," she said.

She described explaining to her son - who was born a year after Child D died - what had happened to his sister.

But he became scared, fearing the person "who had hurt" Child D would escape prison and hurt his cousins.

"We wanted justice for Child D and that day has come."

Mother of children E and F: 'No babies were more wanted'
Children E and F were twin boys. Child E died, while his brother survived. Letby was found guilty of murder and attempted murder.

Speaking next is the mother of children E and F. The emotion is thick in her voice, but she speaks clearly to the court.

She says "our dreams had come true" when their babies were born, that the family was then complete, but that "our world shattered when we discovered evil disguised as a caring nurse", she says.

After her first son died, and her second son became unwell she cried "not again".

Years later, she says, when they found out Letby was a murderer: "We felt cheated, deceived and utterly heartbroken once more."

She becomes emotional as she describes how she had to grieve openly in front of Letby, as Letby bathed her son for the final time and dressed him in a woollen gown.

"He was buried in that gown, a gift from the unit chosen by Lucy," she says, adding that there is not a day that goes by when they don't regret that decision.

The boys were the result of several rounds of IVF, with the family resigning themselves to the fact they may never have children.

"Lucy was aware of our journey and deliberately caused significant harm and cruelty to our boys," she says.

"No children in the world were more wanted than them."

Their son now has complex learning difficulties, which they believe is a direct result of his being poisoned with insulin.

"Nothing can change what has happened to us, we are living with a life sentence because of Lucy's crimes."

'I didn't breastfeed my new daughter as I thought my milk had caused Child I's death'
Describing how they coped with their daughter's death, Child I's mother tells the court her husband wished he was dead, not their baby.

"We separated for a while and went through a really tough time," her statement says.

"We got back together and we knew we had to put our family back together.

"I then got pregnant again. I don't remember the pregnancy - I put a wall up and blocked it out.

"We were so scared of the same thing happening again even the scans, they weren't happy moments, they were just filled with fear."

She became pregnant again, describing her daughter as "the double of Child I".

"I didn't breastfeed [my new daughter], as I had thought my milk might have been a cause of what happened to [Child I] so I wasn't prepared to take the risk."

After Letby's arrest, she says she and her partner were "both absolutely broken that someone could do something so evil to our precious little girl and this has had a massive effect on our family even until this day".

She adds: "I don't think we will ever get over the fact that our daughter was tortured until she had no fight left in her and everything she went through over her short life was deliberately done by someone who was supposed to protect her and help her come home where she belonged."

Judge addresses families - as prison officer holds back tears in empty dock
Before concluding, Mr Justice Goss turns to the jury to thank them for their diligence with this case.

"Any case involving children adds to the already heavy burden of decision-making," he says, telling them support is available for them following the harrowing evidence they have listened to.

He then thanks the ushers, prison officers and clerks for supporting the trial.

As he thanks the prison officers, one of them holds back tears as she sits in the empty dock without Letby.

He concludes by addressing the family members.

"I am deeply conscious of your losses and the appalling consequences of the defendant's offences," he says.

"Your lives were and will remain transformed by these events. Your behaviour and dignity has been of the highest, which I sincerely acknowledge with admiration and gratitude."

Solidarity and defiance from family members as Letby refuses to face them
By Megan Harwood-Baynes, news reporter at Manchester Crown Court

For 10 months, a mountain of clinical evidence has been put before the jury in the trial of Lucy Letby. But this afternoon the families of her tiny victims were finally given their voice and it was their emotion that proved most powerful.

Parents cried as they detailed the moment their children died in their arms or were bathed by the killer nurse. Many blamed themselves, relationships broke down, and trust in authority was completely severed - one mother cannot leave her son alone with any medical professionals. Another chose to home school their child.

Several of the babies were the result of already difficult journeys with infertility. The parents of Child G sought treatment abroad and had planned to return to the European clinic one day to have a sibling from the remaining embryos and build a big, happy family.

Instead, the embryos have been left in a clinical storage facility, the parents so scarred from an interaction with Letby that left their daughter permanently disabled.

"We were afraid of having another disabled baby," he said.

Now his daughter will "never have a sleepover with a best friend, or go to high school and graduate. She will never have a first kiss, a boyfriend, or get married.

"She will always be in her chair."

Parents sobbed and held each other as the judge told the room that Letby would spend the rest of her life in prison. She received a whole-life order for every offence - 14 in total.

Even family members who did not receive a verdict for their child were present, in a show of solidarity and defiance.

But as a member of the court security - who has escorted Letby in and out of the room daily for the past 10 months - wiped away tears, the only person who was not present to hear it was the killer nurse herself.


Lead-up to sentencing, victim impact statements, updates, sentencing and reactions

Sky news - lead-up to sentencing, victim impact statements & updates/opinions



Sky news - sentencing and post-sentencing


Good Morning Britain 21/08/2023


This Morning 21/08/2023


Loose Women 21/08/2023


Family liaison officer, Janet Moore, speaking on behalf of the Babies' Families


BBC Breakfast 22/08/2023


Good Morning Britain 22/08/2023


This Morning 22/08/2023


Loose Women 22/08/2023


Lucy Letby's evil jail mates from 'blood lust' killer Joanna Dennehy to 'Devil's Daughter'

Lucy Letby's life behind bars - solitary hospital cell, isolation and plans for dying days

Al Jilwah: Chapter IV

"It is my desire that all my followers unite in a bond of unity, lest those who are without prevail against them." - Satan